Thunderbird mbox file

Updated - How to Import MBOX Files in Thunderbird Add

Most Effective Solution to Deal With “no valid MBOX files

* Suggestion: Rename the mbox file (s) to a name that you can recognize when your open Thunderbird. For example if you have downloaded Gmail's Sent messages, you should have an MBOX file named Sent.mbox. To easily recognize it in Thunderbird rename the MBOX file (e.g.) to Gmail-Sent.mbox Mozilla Thunderbird keeps the contacts, emails and other files as MBOX. Most of us prefer to import MBOX mailbox items in Thunderbird as it is used by people from all over the world. Know here is the Thunderbird MBOX items are located Right click on the Start Menu button option and type %APPDATA% in the Search Box Step 1: First of all, launch the Thunderbird application of your PC to open MBOX File in Thunderbird. Now, create a new folder within Local Folders and assigned the name as MY MBOX emails

How Can I Open/Import MBOX File in Mozilla Thunderbird

The solution to access MBOX file in Mozilla Thunderbird is by opting for ImportExport Tool of Thunderbird. It is a free program, which makes it possible for users to read the files in MBOX in Thunderbird profile. Users just need to install it on the Thunderbird and then using the utility you can move the required files How to open MBOX file in Thunderbird has become a big issue among users. The reason for this is the growing demand of the Thunderbird email application. Now it has become a very famous platform. This is the main reason to open MBOX in Thunderbird. You can also convert MBOX to PDF to change the file format. Now, after knowing the reasons, you are thinking about its procedures. So, begin with it. Simple Steps to Import MBOX file in Thunderbird for Windows and Mac-Before going further first we know the location of the MBOX file in the system Download and install Import MBOX to Mozilla Thunderbird Tool. Run the application and then press the Add File (s) button from the left pane to select one or more MBOX files. Mark the required MBOX file and then click on the Export button. Under Choose Export Option, select the format in which you want to save the file Navigate to the folder of extracted files that you'd like to move into Thunderbird; click Open Your MBOX file will instantly appear on the left side pane of your screen (You may set up another email account in Thunderbird to drag the MBOX folder to that account

Find a Thunderbird Profile on a Linux System . In a Linux system, Profile folders are located in ~/.thunderbird/<Profile name>/. However, if you use a third party build from Debian or Ubuntu, those builds store your profile folder in ~/.mozilla-thunderbird<Profile name>. These are hidden folders In the window that appears, identify the location on the hard drive where you want Thunderbird to export the email folder to. Then, press on Select Folder. After opening the selected folder on the PC, right-click on the mail file. Rename it and add the extension.mbox at the end of the name Direct option to import MBOX file into Thunderbird. One of the most common problems that are faced by users is to Import the MBOX file into the Mozilla Thunderbird. To do so manually, a user needs to download the Import/Export Add-on. Through recommended software, users can directly import MBOX file emails into the Thunderbird mailbox location Mozilla has provided an Add-on for Mozilla Thunderbird known as ImportExportTools which enables the users to import / export MBOX files to/from Mozilla Thunderbird. To download this extension, follow the steps mentioned below to easily import or export your MBOX file. Step 1: Open Mozilla Thunderbird & select Tools in which click on Add-ons

In this video I will show how to import or open mbox file downloaded from google takeout using Mozilla Thunderbird mail clien Open Thunderbird, click on Tools, select ImportExportTools, and click Import MBOX file. In the pop-up, the option Import directly one or more MBOX file is set by default; click Ok. Browse for the MBOX file in the specific location. As shown below, after the import you can see all your mailbox items Association of Mozilla Thunderbird with MBOX & PST Files. From the brief explanation given above, it is clear that Thunderbird uses the MBOX file format to save its mailbox items. To be precise, these MBOX files store emails and attachments of Mozilla Thunderbird. The PST file, however, is not connected to Thunderbird by any means Where are My Emails Stored in Mozilla Thunderbird. In Thunderbird 38.4.0, the location of a MBOX file is: Here you will find the INBOX file, which is the MBOX file of configured account. Now, you need to copy this Inbox file and place it to a different location on your PC, then Rename it as Inbox.mbox. Since .msf does not hold any email you cannot view msf file, but you can read emails through.

This tool facilitates users to import MBOX file to Mozilla Thunderbird in bulk also. It allows users to move MBOX along with the email attachments in Thunderbird. One can migrate selective emails also from MBOX file using date filters. In addition, it is compatible with all Windows OS i.e., Windows 10, 8.1,8 and below versions(32-64 bit). Steps. How to Open Mbox File in Outlook from Thunderbird. In the previous module, I have shown you how to add a Mbox file in Thunderbird. If you want to view an email of the Mbox file in Outlook. Simply do as follows-1. Open Thunderbird, and you can see the Mbox file in the local folders. Click on that folder, and the emails are shown in that Launch Thunderbird by navigating to Programs and then Mozilla Thunderbird. Navigate to Tools and select ImportExportTools option from the given list. Afterwards list of option will appear, select Import mbox file. Files MBOX import window will appear, select import directly one or more Mbox files Generally, MBOX stands for Mail Box that stores all data in a plain text format. Moreover, it is one of the most commonly used file format, which is supported by different email applications like Thunderbird, Eudora, Mac Mail etc. One can easily open and view MBOX file in Thunderbird to read its entire content

Run MBOX File to Mozilla Thunderbird Import option & load MBOX mailbox items in software panel. It will display all the Thunderbird mailbox items where users can choose all required folders. Choose all the Folders & Subfolders listed in software panel to import them into Thunderbird email client To do so, go through the following set of instructions carefully, after which users can open Thunderbird MBOX file: At first, install Import/Export tool on your system. Now, open Thunderbird desktop application on your machine. Click on Tools >> Import/Export Tools As we all know that MBOX file format supported by various email clients such as Thunderbird, Apple Mail, Netscape, The Bat, Postbox and many others. If you are one of them who want to extract their MBOX file, then continue reading to get the most successful solution. Basically MBOX is a mailbox folder for holding collection of email messages Direct option to import MBOX file into Thunderbird. One of the most common problems that are faced by users is to Import the MBOX file into the Mozilla Thunderbird. To do so manually, a user needs to download the Import/Export Add-on. Through recommended software, users can directly import MBOX file emails into the Thunderbird mailbox location

The Thunderbird Import Wizard offers two options to the users to view and add MBOX to Thunderbird. Users can select any required option as per convenience. Select Files: The option allows users to add MBOX file into Thunderbird one at a time or multiple MBOX, EML, EMLX, Maildir files to Thunderbird MSF file is an index file for an email, therefore it is not necessary to import MSF to Thunderbird. As a user move MBOX file to Thunderbird, MSF files gets recreated itself if it is missing. Conclusion. SBD files are subdirectory files containing MBOX file and MSF file in it. To open an SBD file, one just need to import SBD to Thunderbird with MBOX which contains MBOX only. MSF files are index files so it is not necessary to import MSF to Thunderbird The Thunderbird stores user data (Email) in two parts. The first one is an MBOX file (without extension), which is a standard format of Mozilla Thunderbird client to store Email content. The second is an MSF file, which is also known as a Mail Summary file with .msf file extension. This is the index file of Mozilla Thunderbird, which contains only. This extension allows the user to export and import folders and messages with lots of options, for example: Tools Menu --> ImportExportTools or Context menu on folders panel --> Import/Export - export of folder in a single file (mbox format), with also the subfolders if you want; - export of all messages in single files (eml or html or plain text format or CSV), with attachments and an index; - export of all messages in PDF format (required ImportExportTools 3.0 or higher) - export of all.

The Thunderbird stores its email data in the MBOXRD file, a kind of MBOX file. The emails in an MBOXRD format file are stored in a simple MIME format. In Thunderbird, for each default mail folder, a corresponding MBOXRD file is created locally with the same file name as of the default mail folders. For instance, the Inbox folder of Thunderbird creates with MBOXRD file format, named INBOX. It is to be noted that MBOXRD files do not possess any extension However, unlike Outlook, Thunderbird uses MBOX file format to store the mailbox data. MBOX is a mailbox file that is widely supported by many email client apps such as Apple Mail, Eudora, Opera Mail, etc. As Thunderbird is used for business communications, it contains valuable data that you must back up regularly to protect it from damage or.

A user can open MBOX file with Thunderbird using the manual method i.e., by installing ImportExport add-on in the Thunderbird application. However, it bestows a couple of shortcomings like fails to work on the latest versions of Thunderbird (60+), must require adequate technical knowledge and much more The MBOX extractor is the right solution of How to Convert Thunderbird exported MBOX file to PST format with a hassle-free conversion solution. Also, you can split MBOX to EML format easily without facing any issues Approach 1: Import MBOX in Thunderbird with Add-on. Install Import/Export Tool addon in your Mozilla Thunderbird. Then, you can click on Tools, select ImportExportTools and choose Import MBOX File. A new Files mbox Import Window appears, here choose import directly one or more MBOX files and press OK button For Thunderbird 10.0.X for Windows, there is currently a dearth of plug-ins and extensions. Also, there is no native way to import an mbox file. But if you place the mbox file in the Local Folders directory, it will be indexed by Thunderbird and show up as a Folder. If you already have Thunderbird installed, start with step 3 It might be important to import MBOX file in Thunderbird as it is among the most popular and widely used email platforms. Location of Thunderbird MBOX files . On Windows Vista, 7, 8.1 and 10 . Type in %APPDATA% in Search Box on Windows Start menu. Click Roaming item which appears on menu

People often choose Thunderbird to open an orphan MBOX file as Thunderbird is a free application available on both Windows and Mac. Besides, moving the Thunderbird profile to another computer also requires importing the MBOX file in a new Thunderbird first you need to install ImportExportTool then if you want to export your mail, contact ,calendar then you can export your full profile!!!!! look at the image OR Only for emails, you can select email then choose save selected emails >> as MBO.. If a user has converted the email files into MBOX file format, he/she will feel the need to export the MBOX file in Thunderbird and access the email file in respective email service providers. Also, it is suggested to keep the backup of the MBOX file because it happens that while transferring the data, loss of information may occur But still users prefer the Thunderbird email client over Outlook mainly due to it's open source nature. Therefore, because of these reasons, users want to import OST to Thunderbird email client. Here in this blog, we will discuss the entire solution that will help to convert OST to MBOX file format of Thunderbird

Softaken EML to MBOX Converter Alternatives and Similar

Extract Email Messages from Mozilla Thunderbird MBOX File

  1. Basically, Thunderbird email application stores their email data into MBOX file format and an individual email is a store in EML file extension. So, if you need to move Thunderbird mailbox data to another email client like Outlook then you have to convert the MBOX file into Outlook importable file
  2. Now select Thunderbird files by the given two options Select .mbox file (s) (single mode) or Select folder having .mbox file (s) (batch mode). * After selecting Thunderbird files, choose saving option from the drop down list showing different output formats, as per your requirement
  3. Unfortunately, Thunderbird does not natively support PST files, but this wikiHow will teach you how to import your PST file into Thunderbird using a variety of workarounds. You could, for one, create a Gmail account to act as an intermediary, but you will need the Outlook program as well. You could also create a G Suite account to migrate all.
  4. It's very easy to import MBOX file into Thunderbird Just follow these simple steps: 1. Run Mozilla Thunderbird 2. Go to Tools menu >> Import/Export Tool >> Import MBOX File 3. From Open a new Files MBOX Import Windows, Chose Option to import MBOX.

Import MBOX File into Thunderbird - Free Method

The Thunderbird MBOX file does not contain an extension format, copy the file and paste it on the desktop or change the name to add the * .mbox extension. Directly go to the below location to get Thunderbird MBOX file C:\Users\<User-Name>\AppData\Roaming\Thunderbird\Profiles\<Profile name>\ImapMail\ For Windows XP and below Users. Go to. Thunderbird uses a common file format to save its data, whether being deployed on a Windows, Mac, or Linux machine, whereas Outlook uses PST on Windows and OLM on Mac. If the MBOX to Outlook migration has to be done only for the Windows environment, then the most recommended way is to use third-party software like Kernel for MBOX to PST

Come aprire file MBOX con Thunderbird Iniziamo allora scaricando Thunderbird dal suo sito ufficiale scegliendo se utilizzare l'installer oppure scaricando la versione portable sotto forma di file zip. Una volta avviato Thunderbird è necessario procurarsi il plugin gratuito ImportExportTools e scaricarlo sul proprio pc Method 1: If you have several folders on your Thunderbird email account and want to export all them to MBOX for converting into a single PST file then follow given below steps: In the very first step, download a free Add-on ImportExportTools for Thunderbird; Install this Add-on on Mozilla Thunderbird

I want to import a MBOX file into my Thunderbird, but the

Thunderbird's Folder Structure Thunderbird uses a folder structure that can be somewhat challenging to understand, and isn't clearly laid out. Under the hood in the file system, each mbox file represents a folder. If the mailbox also contains subfolders, a directory must exist, and named the same, with a suffix of.sbd Here go with the Import MBOX file option. Import directly one or more MBOX file option is already selected (by default). Now make a click on the Ok button. Now browse the MBOX file and click on the Ok button. The import process now begins. After the import, you can see the MBOX data. It is the manual way to Import MBOX files to Thunderbird

How to Export Thunderbird emails to MBOX file Officially

  1. g\Thunderbird\Profiles\<Profile name>\ImapMail\ Note: - If you have Gmail Takeout MBOX file, Then read article Gmail MBOX Converter Tool. Method 2. For Windows XP and below Users. You can get Thunderbird MBOX file from this location
  2. Convert Thunderbird MSF Files to MBOX : Process Description. Since there does not exist any manual method to export .msf files to .mbox format therefore, the only option left is to opt for a third-part utility. The dedicated and reliable software to accomplish this task is MSF to MBOX file converter
  3. Since Thunderbird is a free application and runs on both Windows and Mac, most people choose Thunderbird to open MBOX file. Also, when users switch computers, they also want to move Thunderbird.
  4. Updating to Thunderbird 78 from 68 Soon the Thunderbird automatic update system will start to deliver the new Thunderbird 78 to current users of the previous release, Thunderbird 68. This blog post is intended to share with you details about Continue reading. September 9, 2020 COMMENTS 0 What's New in Thunderbird 7
  5. Open it, select File->Open menu to browse .pst or .ost file to open. Select root folder in All folders pane, click the File->Export menu to convert.pst/.ost file to mbox. 3. Find your Thunderbird Local Folders Directory. Launch Thunderbird. Right click on Local Folders and select Settings
  6. MBOX file format is supported by more than 20 email client applications including Mozilla Thunderbird, Apple Mail, Eudora, Spicebird, etc. Microsoft Outlook application stores all its mailbox items in PST (Personal Storage Table) file format
  7. If you don't want to fuss with Thunderbird and an add-on, you can try the app CutePieSMPT Daemon, which also makes it incredibly easy to view the contents of an .MBOX file. The app felt a little.
Free MBOX Viewer Tool – Download, Open & View MBOX FileAryson MBOX Viewer - Free download and software reviews

How to Open MBOX files in Thunderbird

Nel file panacea.dat, Mozilla Thunderbird memorizza la cache dell'albero delle cartelle. Avvia Mozilla Thunderbird e controlla se viene visualizzata la cartella mancante. Se la cartella risulta essere ancora mancante, ricreare la cartella. Per fare ciò: Chiudi Mozilla Thunderbird; Sposta i file delle cartelle esistenti (mbox e msf) in un'altra. Choosing to directly import the MBOX file. Browse to the location where you extracted the downloaded MBOX file that was unzipped and choose it. After choosing the downloaded and extracted MBOX file, you will see the emails downloaded from Gmail appear in your folder created. MBOX file imported in Thunderbird local folder. Importing MBOX to Gmai

How to Import MBOX File in Thunderbird - KDETool

A few days back my client shared Thunderbird MBOX file. I need to open and view the MBOX file without any email client installation. Moreover, I need to extract a few MBOX emails into a different file format according to client's requirements. So, I want to know is there any instant yet reliable way to extract emails from Thunderbird files The same is the case with Mozilla Thunderbird's MBOX file, which when gets oversized may turn corrupt or hamper the functionality of the application.Therefore, it advisable to check the MBOX file size from time-to-time. You can follow the methods given in this post to reduce MBOX file size in Thunderbird. If in case the MBOX file gets corrupt. Numerous applications and API provide support for MBox file format such as Apple Mail and Mozilla Thunderbird. MBOX File Format. The MBox file format remained non-standardized for quite long time until 2005 when the application/mbox was standardized as RFC 4155. Messages, in RFC 2822 format, are concatenated inside MBox file format one after another Default Profile Configured option - If you want to directly fetch the MBOX file associated with a configured Thunderbird application. Select file/folder from file system (Recommended) - If you want to add the MBOX file (s) having errors from local system. Add the files and click Process button After which, Thunderbird can be utilized to access all the messages and attachments within the MBOX file to be read or moved to another account. If in case you are using a Mac, it would be advised to use Apple Mail instead of Thunderbird. Additional Steps to Tak

Mozilla Thunderbird Viewer to Open, View & Read MBOX file

Open your Mozilla Thunderbird profile directory on your computer and select the desired account's data folder. IMAP accounts are in the ImapMail folder; POP accounts are found under Mail/Local Folders. Locate the.msf files that correspond to the folders you want to rebuild and move them to the trash Open MBOX File in Thunderbird. MBOX format files are not only readable on Thunderbird but are also generated by the respective client. Thus, one can open and read MBOX file in Thunderbird through many workarounds to import MBOX to Thunderbird. First Method. Thunderbird in most cases is also the origin application Use When Need to View Mozilla Thunderbird MBOX File The software brilliantly designed to work with MBOX file of Mozilla Thunderbird, which allows users to view or read emails of Thunderbird MBOX files easily. Use When Apple Mail MBOX File Does Not Open on Window MBOX files are text files which are used to store & organize email messages. MBOX file format is the most common file format used to store email messages on the hard disk. MBOX files are single & long. It is a text file in which email messages are stored as concatenated strings, and the email message starts with From of the message

MailsDaddy MBOX to Office 365 Migration Tool Alternatives

How to Open MBOX in Thunderbird: A Perfect Solution to

Go to Tools >> ImportExportTools >> Import MBOX file on Mozilla Thunderbird. Now, import one or several MBOX files straightly in the dialogue box occurred. In addition, you can modify the option chosen as per your requirements and hit on the OK button. Finally, pick the MBOX and click Open. The MBOX data file is to migrate to Thunderbird. Tip: If you want to import only selected emails from OST file to Thunderbird account, then you can export OST data file into EML file format directly and. Then, go to File>>Import Mailboxes. In the inbox which you have imported select files in MBOX format and press OK. Then browse the location of the old .mbox file. Then on the Done button. Now every mail of the MBOX can be viewed inside the Oh My Mac header. Choose all emails that lie inside the MBOX Import folder Install & Run Tool to Save Thunderbird Mailboxes as MBOX file & load all mailbox items. Choose all Files or Folders listed in software panel & select all these items. Setup options to Export Thunderbird Mailboxes as MBOX file & change destination folder location It gives several ways to restore info from the backup file: contacts can be exported as vCard (.vcf file) and then copied to mobile phones via Nokia PC Suite, or they can be changed to a .csv file for transport to Mozilla Thunderbird, Microsoft Outlook or Outlook Express; text messages, MBOX email files and SMS can be exported to vMessage (.vmg. Mozilla Thunderbird is the widely used emailing program that stores all its database in MBOX file format. Sometimes due to any adverse situations user needs to migrate their entire data into another email client like MS Outlook. And to move all the files safely, you need a safe and secure software with zero data loss functionality

How to Backup Thunderbird Emails Manually

How to Open MBOX File in Thunderbird — View & Read MBOX

One of my teammate shared inbox.mbox file of Mozilla Thunderbird. Since I use Microsoft O365 tenant for email communication purpose so, I don't know how to view Thunderbird inbox file without any desktop-based email application. I use Windows 10 in my laptop Mozilla Thunderbird is a popular open source Outlook alternative. Since Thunderbird supports MBOX files, you can directly import the data onto Thunderbird. Though an add-on tool is required to be installed, this is the simplest of all the options. How to Import Your Gmail MBOX Exports into a Gmail Accoun Thunderbird is an open-source application that supports Windows and MAC OS as well as stores the data in MBOX & Maildir format. On the other hand, MS Outlook allows to import of the data in PST file format therefore if any user wants to import the Thunderbird mailbox to Outlook then a reliable solution is required Step 3: Import the MBOX file into Thunderbird using the add-on. For this go to Tools on the main menu (press alt key if menu is hidden) > choose ImportExportTools > Import mbox file MBOX file extension is a versatile. It supports Thunderbird, Apple Mail, WLM and many other email clients of Windows, Linux and Mac. If you are looking to switch from MBOX file extension, the MBOX converter is all in one solution to install. It converts MBOX effortlessly and safely

Online interface for Thunderbird – Get this Extension for

Import MBOX file in Thunderbird Email Client- Quick Way

Thunderbird (TB) stores each mailbox in a separate MBOX file (with no file extension). Attachments are stored with the associated email message inside the MBOX file. Where does Thunderbird store email files? Thunderbird stores all mail content, address books and settings in a directory called profile Then the the MBOX file needs to be transferred into the Windows system using a virus-free pen drive. Finally, users have to import the MBOX file using Thunderbird Import Wizard. Follow these steps to successfully migrate MBOX email into Thunderbird. 1. Open Thunderbird Import Wizard tool and click on Add File. 2. Add the MBOX file and click on. Thunderbird has always been my favourite email application. I've tried a few other ones but always went back because no other one is so flexible and extensible, IMHO. (And Outlook and the likes are out of question as I'm running Linux.) One disadvantage of Thunderbird is that it is still using the mbox file format by default. Basically this. MBOX is a flexible file format which is widely supported by multiple email clients such as Mozilla Thunderbird, Mac Mail, Eudora, Entourage, SpiceBird, OperaMail, PocoMail, SeaMonkey, Mozilla Mail, Evolution, The Bat, and many more MBox file format is a generic term that represents a container for collection of electronic mail messages. The messages are stored inside the container along with their attachments. Messages from an entire folder are saved in a single database file and new messages are appended to the end of the file

How to Export Email from Lotus Notes to Thunderbird

Mozilla Thunderbird is an open source email client that stores all messages in .mbox file format and creates separate MBOX files for every folder which are not accessible in Microsoft Outlook. Because Microsoft Outlook uses .pst file extension and does not provide any support for reading MBOX file Thunderbird: Import converted MBOX file(s) to Thunderbird (Windows, MAC, or Linux Machine). Apple Mail: Convert PST to MBOX for MAC email client (Apple Mail) and access all items. Spicebird: Import exported MBOX files to one of the best desktop email clients. Netscape: A popular email client used by many users that also supports the MBOX file EML to MBOX Conversion Program. EML to MBOX Converter is a proficient software, which will help you to perform a precise conversion from EML (Windows Mail, Outlook Express (5, 5.5 or 6.0), Windows Live Mail, Apple Mail, etc.) to MBOX file format Now, understand the different ways to transfer MBOX to CSV file format. Systematic Approaches to Convert MBOX to CSV Online. In the below methods, we have utilised Thunderbird email client because it is free to use, and it supports MBOX file format. So, If you are a Thunderbird user, follow the below-described steps MBOX to Zimbra - Screenshots Thunderbird to Zimbra Converter is a popular software that Export all Thunderbird MBOX file to TGZ file format. Some screenshots to understand the Conversion process of Thunderbird to TGZ file format. Step 1 : Launch Thunderbird to Zimbra migration software and load Thunderbird mailboxes in its panel

  • Mire jó az olívaolaj.
  • Névmások ppt.
  • Bors fa.
  • Fénygömbök.
  • Tűz sárkány.
  • Manuka méz fekélyre.
  • Ezüst ékszer budapest.
  • Falmatrica.
  • Brian élete online.
  • Wifis tv eladó.
  • Nem nyomtatott dokumentumok.
  • Műanyag ablak márkák.
  • Ii. erzsébet anyja.
  • Kerámia főzőlap működése.
  • Cessna 208B Grand Caravan electric.
  • Vatera függőszék.
  • Nagymotor kresz teszt.
  • Bakugan árukereső.
  • Fénygömbök.
  • Adventi koszontok.
  • Marihuana termesztés gyakori kérdések.
  • Bme aut szakmai gyakorlat.
  • Katolikus esküvő.
  • Elte btk mesterképzés.
  • Photoshop nagyítás egérrel.
  • Tonhal konzerv babáknak.
  • New MacBook.
  • Cseh korona.
  • Easy Document Creator letöltése.
  • Kápolnásnyék ifjúsági tábor.
  • Cajon eredete.
  • Pixel arting.
  • Itc semmelweis.
  • Milla jovovich filmek 2020.
  • Subaru outlander.
  • Möbelix irodabútor.
  • Új focus st.
  • Lágy barnacukor.
  • Ékírás képírás.
  • Csicsóka tisztítása házilag.
  • Vályogfal teherbírása.